Episode #1: IRS seizes and auctions Crow Creek Sioux Land
Join your host, J. Kehaulani Kauanui, for an episode that features Brandon J. Sazue, Sr., Chairman of Crow Creek Sioux Tribe. He will discuss the politics of the U.S. Internal Revenue Service (IRS) auctioning off 7,100 acres of tribal land on December 3, 2009 to recover $3,123,789.73 dollars it claims is unpaid employment taxes. Chairman Sazue has been occupying the land since December 7th; he is currently camped in a travel trailer on the land in sub-zero temperatures and invites supporters and people from all nations to join him in the struggle.
Original air-date: 1-12-10.
Episode #2: Joseph Nicolar, The Life and Traditions of the Red Man
Join your host, J. Kehaulani Kauanui, for an exploration of a 1893 book, The Life and Traditions of the Red Man, written and self-published by Joseph Nicolar (Penobscot Nation). Nicolar (1827-94) was an elder and political leader of the Penobscot Nation of Maine. He served six terms as the tribe’s elected representative to the Maine State Legislature. A rediscovered treasure of work, The Life and Traditions of the Red Man tells the story of his people from the first moments of creation to the earliest arrivals and eventual settlement of Europeans. The book is one of the few sustained narratives in English composed by a member of an Eastern Algonquian-speaking people during the nineteenth century, which was written by Nicolar in an urgent effort to pass on Penobscot cultural heritage to subsequent generations of the tribe and to reclaim Native Americans’ right to self-representation. The guests on the show will include scholar Annette Kolodny, who edited and annotated the text for re-release with a History of the Penobscot Nation and a full introduction to the work, and esteemed elder Charles Norman Shay (Penobscot Nation).
Original air-date: 1-26-10.
Episode #3: Coal Controversy and the Northern Cheyenne Tribe
Join your host for an episode that examines a controversial plan to mine coal on lands adjacent to the Northern Cheyenne Tribe’s reservation. Southeast of Ashland, MT in Powder River County, the Otter Creek Coal Tracts contain more than 1.2 billion acres of unmined coal, half of which is part of Montana school trust land. In December 2009, the State Land Board voted (4-1) to call for bids on the coal. This week the answers to call for Otter Creek bids will be in, and both proponents and opponents will learn more about the market for this huge coal reserve. All three guests on the show are opposed this plan: Steve Brady (Northern Cheyenne Tribe), Chairman of the Northern Cheyenne Cultural Commission; and Alexis Bonogofsky, Senior Coordinator of the Tribal Lands Conservation Program of the National Wildlife Federation; and Philip Whiteman (Northern Cheyenne Tribe), co-founder of Yellow Bird, a Native non-profit organization.
Original air-date: 2-09-2010
Episode #4: Indigenous Ethnic Cleansing in Vermont
Join your host, J. Kēhaulani Kauanui, for an episode of “Indigenous Politics” that will focus on a proposal being considered by the Vermont legislature to apologize for its 1931 Sterilization Act, which was part of a eugenics campaign that targeted persons of French Canadian and Abenaki ancestry, as well as other non-Anglos and individuals deemed mentally disabled. Our guests on the program include Nancy Gallagher, author of Breeding Better Vermonters: The Eugenics Project in the Green Mountain State, and Judy Dow (Abenaki) who sits on the Vermont Commission on Native American Affairs.
Original air-date: 2-23-10.
Episode #5: Tribal Sovereignty and Indigenous Rights Part I: Mashantucket Pequot Tribal Nation
Join your host, J. Kēhaulani Kauanui, for an episode of “Indigenous Politics” that features two talks from a recent panel on tribal sovereignty held at the Mashantucket Pequot Museum and Research Center. Listeners will hear: John Echohawk (Pawnee) give a legal and historical overview of tribal sovereignty based on his work at the Native American Rights Fund; and J. Cedric Woods (Lumbee) discuss cultural sovereignty, and what sovereignty still means to tribes who have either been denied federal recognition, not received it, or been “terminated.” John Echohawk (member of the Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma) was a co-founder of the Native American Rights Fund in 1970 and has been its Executive Director since 1977. The Native American Rights Fund has been involved in most of the major Indian rights litigation since 1970. In 1992, he served on the Clinton-Gore transition team for the Department of the Interior and in 2008 he served on the Obama-Biden transition team for the Department of the Interior. J. Cedric Woods, Ph.D. (citizen of the Lumbee tribe of North Carolina), combines over a decade of tribal government experience with research and currently serves as the interim director for the Institute for New England Native American Studies at the University of Massachusetts-Boston. He has served in a variety of capacities for the Mashantucket Pequot Tribal Nation, including: Director of Career Development, Research Analyst, Tribal Government Spokesman, and Deputy Chief Operating Officer.
Original air-date: 3-9-10.
Episode #6: Tribal Sovereignty and Indigenous Rights Part II: Mashantucket Pequot Tribal Nation
Join your host, J. Kēhaulani Kauanui, for a Part II of an “Indigenous Politics” episode featuring a recent panel on tribal sovereignty held at the Mashantucket Pequot Museum and Research Center. The show will feature three panelists who specifically focus on issues facing the Mashantucket Pequot Tribal Nation: Betsy Conway an attorney in the Office of Legal Counsel for the Mashantucket Pequot Tribal Nation; James T. Jackson, the Tribal Council Treasurer of the Mashantucket Pequot Tribe; and Jackson T. King, Jr., General Counsel of the Mashantucket Pequot Tribal Nation. Listeners will learn about a variety of legal and social issues relating to tribal governance including: assisting the Tribe’s Judicial Committee in drafting legislation; working with various tribal regulatory bodies including the Gaming Commission and the Mashantucket Employment Rights Office; and representing the Tribal Nation in various jurisdictional challenges including those related to taxation, labor and employment issues, and enforcement of tribal court judgments.
Original air-date: 3-23-10.
Episode #7: Healing Shattered Hearts: the sexual exploitation of American Indian women and girls
Join your host, J. Kēhaulani Kauanui, for an episode that will focus on a groundbreaking 2009 research report, Shattered Hearts: the commercial sexual exploitation of American Indian women and girls in Minnesota, commissioned by the Minnesota Indian Women’s Resource Center (MIWRC) of Minneapolis, MN. The release of the Shattered Hearts report has generated national interest from legislators, policy makers and Tribal communities. Believed to be the first research in the country analyzing the scope of sexual exploitation against American Indians, the report provides a springboard to action for addressing widespread sexual victimization. The guests on the program will be: Dr. Alexandra (Sandi) Pierce, the principal investigator and author of Shattered Hearts, who is currently the senior consultant for Othayonih Research and Evaluation Services LLC; and Suzanne Koepplinger, M.A., the Executive Director of the Minnesota Indian Women’s Resource Center. The MIWRC is a 25 year old social service non-profit that provides direct service and empowering resources to American Indian families so that they can achieve a better quality of life. These services address the multiple issues impacting the Indian community, including homelessness, poverty, addictions, domestic and sexual violence, and need for family and children’s services.
Original air-date: 4-13-10.
Episode #8: Arizona SB 1070
Join your host, J. Kēhaulani Kauanui for an episode focused on the implications for indigenous people(s) of the recent passage of Arizona State legislation SB 1070, which makes it a crime under state law to be in the country illegally, and requires local law enforcement to question people about their immigration status if there is reason to suspect they are in the country illegally. How does this new law affect those who are Native? Our guests on the show today include Jose R. Matus (Yaqui), Director, Indigenous Alliance Without Borders (Alianza Indigena Sin Fronteras), and Alex Soto (Tohono O’odham Nation) from O’odham Solidarity Across Borders Collective. At the center of a critical indigenous perspective on the new legislation is the recognition that the US nation’s boundaries are not tribal boundaries. This has dire consequences for the many tribal nations, especially those whose traditional lands divided by the US-Mexico border. In other words, those who are also seriously impacted by this offensive law descend from peoples who lived in the Sonoran Desert centuries the existence of the United States.
Original air-date: 5-11-10.
Episode #9: Intellectual Sovereignty: Robert Warrior
Join your host, J. Kēhaulani Kauanui, for an episode that will feature an interview with Professor Robert Warrior (enrolled member of the Osage Nation), Director of American Indian Studies at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He is first and current President of the Native American and Indigenous Studies Association, and the author of several books: The People and the Word: Reading Native Nonfiction, American Indian Literary Nationalism (with Craig Womack and Jace Weaver). Like a Hurricane: The Indian Movement from Alcatraz to Wounded Knee (with Paul Chaat Smith) and Tribal Secrets: Recovering American Indian Intellectual Traditions. Topics for discussion will include his concept of “intellectual sovereignty,” the Osage National Editorial Board and the free press, his endorsement of the US Campaign for the Academic & Cultural Boycott of Israel, Palestine and Edward Said, American Indian activism, the co-founding of the Native American and Indigenous Studies Association and its upcoming conference in Arizona in the wake of the passage of SB 1070 (a bill that authorizes police to racial profile the general population for undocumented people) and HB 2281 (a bill banning ethnic studies).
Original air-date: 5-18-10.
Episode #10: The Sexual Health of Native Youth
Join your host, J. Kēhaulani Kauanui for an interview with Jessica Yee (Mohawk), the founder and Executive Director of the Native Youth Sexual Health Network, an organization by youth and for youth. The Native Youth Sexual Health Network (NYSHN) is a North-America wide organization working on issues of healthy sexuality, cultural competency, youth empowerment, reproductive justice, and sex positivity by and for Native youth. Jessica Yee is currently serving as the first inaugural Chair of the National Aboriginal Youth Council at the Canadian Aboriginal AIDS Network, as well as the International Indigenous HIV/AIDS Working Group, and she is also the first North American youth representative at MenEngage International Alliance for Gender Equality. She is the 2009 recipient of the YWCA Young Woman of Distinction award, a 2009/2010 Role Model for the National Aboriginal Health Organization, and was recently named one of 20 International Women’s Health Heroes by Our Bodies/Our Blog and one of the Toronto Star’s People to Watch for 2010.
Original air-date: 6-8-10.
Episode #11: California Coastal Tribes and Marine Wildlife Protection Initiative
Join your host, J. Kēhaulani Kauanui for an episode about the struggle to keep Northern Coastal waters accessible to the California Coastal Tribes. The issue has to do with the implementation of The Marine Life Protection Act of 1999 that is part of the California Fish and Game Code. The Marine Wildlife Protection Initiative is a public-private partnership established to help the State of California implement the Act, which requires California to reevaluate all existing Marine Protected Areas and potentially design new Marine Protected Areas that together function as a statewide network. Where do tribal nations fit into this state-driven scheme? What are the effects of the Act and its revised implementation on traditional shoreline access for California Coastal tribes? It seems that Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger’s Marine Life Protection Act (MLPA) process threatens the religious, subsistence and ceremonial rights of coastal tribes. For thousands of years, tribal peoples have gathered seaweed, mussels, abalone and fish from the inter-tidal zone for subsistence and ceremonial purposes. On the show we will hear from three Kashia Pomo women based on the reservation at Stewart’s Point in northwestern Sonoma County, CA, who are leading the fight to keep the area open for tribal access. Guests include including two Kashi Pomo tribal elders: Violet Parrish and her sister Vivian Parrish Wilder, and their niece and daughter (respectively), Violet Wilder.
Original air-date: 6-22-10.
Episode #12: The Logic of Settler Colonialism: Patrick Wolfe
Join your host, J. Kēhaulani Kauanui for an interview with Patrick Wolfe – one of the premier scholars of settler colonialism. Settler colonialism is a specific type of colonial process in which settlers seek to create a new society in a foreign territory through the conquest or elimination of the territory’s indigenous peoples. Patrick Wolfe is Charles La Trobe Research Fellow in the History Program at La Trobe University, Australia, as well as Charles Warren Fellow in US history at Harvard University. He has researched, taught, written and lectured on race, colonialism, Aboriginal history, theories of imperialism, genocide and the history of anthropology. He is the author of a path breaking book, Settler Colonialism and the Transformation of Anthropology (published by Continuum 1999). In 2008, he was appointed to the Organization of American Historians’ Distinguished Lectureship Program. He is currently working on a comparative history of settler-colonial regimes of race in Australia, the USA, Brazil and Palestine/Israel.
Original air-date: 7-13-10.
Episode #13: Stacy Leeds on the Tribal Law and Order Act
Join your host, J. Kēhaulani Kauanui, for an interview with Stacy Leeds on The Tribal Law and Order Act, which passed the US Congress on July 21, 2010. The legislation was supported by key Democrats and Republicans who worked across party lines in the name of reducing crime on reservations. Supporters of the legislation, including tribal leaders, have cited illegal gang and drug activity, as well as the epidemic of rape committed against Native women that has gone unpunished and unabated due (in part) to a “jurisdictional maze” of federal, state and tribal laws that have resulted in countless cases falling through the cracks. President Obama has committed to signing the Act into law and sees it as, “an important step to help the federal government better address the unique public safety challenges that confront tribal communities.” What shape did the prolonged advocacy for this legislation take? What are the “unique public safety challenges” on reservations? What does the Act include and how does it increase tribal authority over crimes committed on reservations? Is further policing-with the boost of tribal and federal law enforcement-the answer? Stacy Leeds (citizen of the Cherokee Nation) is currently the Interim Associate Dean for Academic Affairs and Professor of Law at the University of Kansas School of Law, where she also directs the Tribal Law and Government Center. She as served as a tribal judge for several tribes, and is currently the Chief District Court Judge at Prairie Band Potawatomi and Chief Justice of the supreme Courts for both the Kaw Nation and the Kickapoo Tribe of Oklahoma. She is the only woman to have served as a Justice on the Cherokee Nation Supreme Court.
Original air-date: 7-27-10.
Episode #14: Maori Sovereignty Part I
On Tuesday, August 10th, Join your host, J. Kēhaulani Kauanui, for Part I of a two-part series on Maori sovereignty issues. Today’s episode features Maori filmmaker Moana Sinclair (Ngati Rangatahi, Kauwhata, Raukawa, and Maniapoto) and Sir Edward Taikahurei Durie (Ngati Kauwhata). They will discuss the documentary film written and directed by Sinclair, Justice Durie, about Durie’s contribution to the law in terms of Maori rights in Aotearoa New Zealand. Sir Edward “Eddie” Taihakurei Durie was the first Maori appointed as a Justice of the High Court of New Zealand and is regarded as leading legal expert on the Treaty of Waitangi. Moana Sinclair is a filmmaker whose works include the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and the Maori story. Her work includes several film scripts for TVNZ and Maori Television, and she heads Te Haa Productions. In addition, she is a human rights attorney working with her tribes. Sinclair worked at the Permanent Forum for Indigenous Issues as a Human Rights Officer at the United Nations New York from 2001 to 2004.
Original air-date: 8-10-10.
Episode #15: Maori Sovereignty Part II
Join your host, J. Kēhaulani Kauanui, for Part II of a two-part series on Aotearoa New Zealand Maori sovereignty issues. This episode will feature Hone Harawira—a longtime activist and co-founder of the Maori Party who is a member of the New Zealand Parliament representing the Te Tai Tokerau region. Harawira has tribal links to Ngāti Hau, Ngāti Wai, Ngāti Hine, Aupouri, Ngapuhi & Ngāti Whatua. He will address contemporary Maori politics including the Foreshore and Seabed Act, the New Zealand government’s endorsement of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, and his own history of activism as a member of Ngā Tamatoa, the Waitangi Action Committee, and Kawariki, among numerous others. Harawira has served as manager of the Aupouri Ngāti Kahu Te Rarawa Trust; manager of the Aupouri Māori Trust Board; manager of Te Reo Irirangi O Te Hiku O Te Ika; and CEO of Tehiku Media.
Original air-date: 8-24-10.
Episode #16: Is the Cobell Case a Scam?
Join your host, J. Kēhaulani Kauanui, for an episode that will examine the politics of a class-action lawsuit filed against the federal government in Cobell v. Salazar regarding the mismanagement of billions of dollars overseen by U.S. Interior for Indian trustees since 1887. The lead plaintiff in the case is Elouise P. Cobell – a member of the Blackfeet Nation from Browning, MT who filed the case in 1996 due to the federal government’s failure to properly manage Indian trust assets on behalf of all present and past individual Indian trust beneficiaries, including over 300,000 current Individual Indian Money (IIM) account holders. The named defendants are the U.S. Secretaries of the Interior and Treasury and the Assistant secretary-Indian Affairs. On Friday, July 22, 2010, the U.S. Senate rejected a $3.4 billion government settlement of the case that had been added to a much larger war-funding bill. On the show, we will hear from Angelique EagleWoman and Richard Monette who are critical of the settlement and its agenda, and view the Senate rejection as an opportunity to transform the terms of what would constitute a just resolution. Richard Monette is a member of the Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa, and an Associate Professor of Law, and Faculty Advisor for the Great Lakes Indian Law Center, at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. From 2000-2003, he served as Chairman for the Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa and has also served as a Staff Attorney with US Senate Committee on Indian Affairs, and Director of the Office of Congressional and Legislative Affairs, Bureau of Indian Affairs. Angelique EagleWoman (Wambdi A. WasteWin) is a citizen of the Sisseton-Wahpeton Dakota of the Lake Traverse Reservation in South Dakota, and an Associate Professor of Law at the University of Idaho College of Law. She is currently on the governing council of the Northwest Indian Bar Association.
Original air-date: 9-7-10.
Episode #17: Writing Indians Out of Existence in New England
Join your host, J. Kēhaulani Kauanui, for an episode that will feature an interview with Dr. Jean M. O’Brien (enrolled citizen of the White Earth Ojibwe Nation), author of a newly released book, Firsting and Lasting: Writing Indians Out of Existence in New England (University of Minnesota Press, 2010), which she will discuss on the show. O’Brien is Professor in the Department of History at the University of Minnesota, where she is also affiliated with the Departments of American Studies and American Indian Studies. She received her Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 1990. O’Brien is also the author of Dispossession by Degrees: Indian Land and Identity in Natick, Massachusetts, 1650-1790 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997). She was a co-founder and is now President of the Native American and Indigenous Studies Association.
Original air-date: 9-21-10.
Episode #18: Guatemalan Violence Against Maya Activists
Join your host, J. Kēhaulani Kauanui, for an episode that will focus on the recent surge in the number of Maya activists who have been attacked, beaten, threatened and killed in Guatemala. On August 25, 2010, the Coordinator of the Centro Cultural Sotz’il Jay, Leonardo Lisandro Guarcax from El Tablón Solola, was kidnapped, tortured and murdered. He was a Maya artist, teacher, spiritual guide and dancer who worked to promote Kaqchikel culture in Guatemala. This follows the February 2009 assassination of Ernesto and Carlos Emilio Guarcax Gonzalez, also members of el Centro Cultural Sotz’il Jay, and several other cases of threatening violent episodes. According to UDEFEGUA (Unit for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders in Guatamala), every two days a human rights defender is attacked in Guatemala. Currently, NISGUA (Network in Solidarity with the People of Guatemala) together with academic institutions, student groups, church groups, and indigenous peoples’ organizations, are mobilizing to denounce these brutal attacks and the Guatemalan government and International Commission against Impunity in Guatemala (CICIG) to conduct a full investigation of Lisandro’s assassination, as a significant step towards halting these threats and attacks on Maya cultural activists. Our guests on the show will be Giovanni Batz (K’iche’ Maya), a member of Contacto Ancestral Radio Collective, (the only multilingual and multicultural indigenous program transmitted in Maya-K’iche, Kaqchiquel, Q’anjob’al and Spanish in Southern California), and Czarina Aggabao Thelen who is active in Maya peoples’ cultural activism and organizing for ancestral land recovery, and is a member of Red Salmon Arts Collective in Austin, TX. Both guests are doctoral students in Social Anthropology at the University of Texas, Austin.
Original air-date: 10-5-10.
Episode #19: Mapuche Political Prisoners Hunger Strike
Join your host, J. Kēhaulani Kauanui, for an episode that will focus on the politics of the 82-day hunger strike by Mapuche Indian political prisoners in the face of police and military repression levied against them. The protest was directed against the government’s use of strict anti-terror legislation to criminalize attempts by the Mapuche to recover their ancestral lands. The protest began on July 12 of this year, when 20 Mapuche prisoners in different prisons in the Bío Bío and Araucanía regions started the hunger strike. By the end of July additional Mapuche in three other prisons had also begun the hunger strike. As reported by Global Voices Online, the group represents about a third of the total number of Mapuche who are currently on trial under the country’s infamous Anti-terrorist Law. We will hear from Luis E. Cárcamo-Huechante, a scholar of Mapuche origin who grew up in Tralcao, a rural village in the River Region of Valdivia in southern Chile, and now teaches Latin American and indigenous literatures and cultures at The University of Texas at Austin; and José Aylwin is a human rights lawyer from Chile, who specializes in indigenous peoples and citizens’ rights in Latin America, and is Co-director of the Observatorio Ciudadano (Citizens’ Watch), an NGO for the promotion and protection of human rights in Chile. He teaches Indigenous Peoples’ Rights at the School of Law of the Universidad Austral de Chile, in Valdivia, Chile.
Original air-date: 10-19-10.
Episode #20: Remembering Deer Island
Join your host, J. Kēhaulani Kauanui for a show that will focus on the 19th annual Deer Island Memorial observances. On October 29 and 30th, 2010, tribes of New England, including the Nipmuc, Penobscott, Abenaki and Wampanoag came together to honor those Natick Nipmuc and other Indians who were forcibly removed by English colonists to Deer Island in Boston Harbor in October 1675 during King Philip’s War. They were taken from their homes, shackled, loaded in horse-drawn carts and taken to Watertown, and from there, they were put in canoes and taken to three ships in Boston Harbor that ferried them to their internment on Deer Island. Once these forced removals were complete, there were approximately 500 people held on the island without food, shelter, clothing or medicine. More than half of them perished and today’s program focuses on the survivors and their descendants. Our guest on the show is Kristen Wyman is an active, enrolled tribal member of the Natick Nipmuc Indian Council (NNIC). She is a community organizer in the areas of environmental and social justice, with a particular interest in land rights and the politics of identity for Native Peoples of New England. She serves on the Board of Nipmuk Nashauonk, a nonprofit organization dedicated to the social, economic and cultural well-being of Nipmuc people, and is also Project Director of the Tribal Youth Science Initiative (TYSI) in Southern New England.
Original air-date: 11-2-10.
Episode #21: The 20th Anniversary of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act
Join your host, J. Kēhaulani Kauanui for an episode that will focus on the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), Public Law 101- 601, 104 Stat. 3048. Passage of the federal law was the culmination of a long-term struggle for human rights and equal protection for American Indians, Alaska Natives, and Native Hawaiians. It requires museums and federal agencies to return specific Native American items, including human remains, funerary objects, sacred objects, and objects of cultural patrimony to lineal descendants and culturally affiliated Indian tribes and Native Hawaiian organizations. Our guest on the program will be Suzan Shown Harjo (Cheyenne and Hodulgee Muscogee) – a poet, writer, lecturer, curator, and policy advocate, who also serves as President of the Morning Star Institute, a national Native American rights organization. Harjo developed the NAGPRA, along with several important federal laws protecting Native sovereignty, arts and cultures, language, and human rights. The episode will focus on the past, present, and future of NAGPRA as Harjo will critically assess the status of the law and its implementation marking the 20th anniversary of its passage.
Original air-date: 11-16-10.
Episode #22: Owe Aku: The Lakota Treaty Project
Join your host, J. Kēhaulani Kauanui for an episode that will focus Lakota treaty rights with Kent Lebsock (Lakota descendant), Founder and Coordinator or Owe Aku International Justice Project. Owe Aku monitors and utilize international standards to advocate for issues such as health care concerns on the reservations to enforcing Lakota treaties and conserving treaty territory.
Original air-date: 11-30-10.
Episode #23: Chile and the Violent Crisis on Rapa Nui Island
Join your host, J. Kēhaulani Kauanui for an episode that will focus on a dire situation that’s been unfolding on the island of Rapa Nui, where the indigenous Ma`ohi people are reclaiming traditional ancestral lands that the Chilean government seized for private development. We will hear from Susana Hito who is following the situation carefully through her husband Santi Hitorangi (Ma`ohi) who is currently on the island and who is directly involved with his extended family. He was shot during the weekend while filming a clash with the Chilean police opened fire on unarmed Rapanui civilians. Santi Hitorani is a filmmaker, artist and Rapa Nui representative of people to the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues. He and Susana make up Hito Productions.
Original air-date: 12-7-10.